Mom’s Shelf Ingredients:Carmine Beetles - These very tiny scarlet-red beetles were eating the oak tree in Kara’s back yard. Having been collected, washed, dried in the sun and put in a bottle, they can be crushed and used as food coloring or in make-up or ink.Bloodwort - This red-orange dye was made from a resin that grows inside small bumps on the roots of Bloodwort, a flowering plant native to North America. The raw resin is very caustic to skin and can cause burns, possibly having been used by Native Americans as a wart remover. Indigo - This dark blue dye came from pressing, drying and powdering the fermented leaves of an indigo plant. Its relatives include woad and dyer’s knotweed. Shaggy Mane - This gray-green dye was made from a mushroom also known as Inky Cap. The color of the dye can be altered by either cooking it in an iron pot or mixing in some ammonia.Giant Puffball - This dark red dye was made with either Dyemaker’s False Puffball, an inedible mushroom which makes a rich red to golden brown to black dye, or Purple Spore Puffball, an edible mushroom which makes a rust red dye.

she doesn’t know which mushroom it was, but the dye is pretty.Scaly Hedgehog - This blue-green fabric dye was made from an icky tasting mushroom also called shingled hedgehog.Purple Snails - This purple dye was made from a specific type of sea snail. In many ancient cultures, purple was reserved for royalty because the snails were difficult to find and expensive to make into dye.Sulfur - Historically called brimstone, this element with the symbol S was mined as yellow crystals and ground into an icky smelling powder. It can be mixed with KNO3 and charcoal to make black powder, or with water or oil to make a yellow dye (…and, oops, Mom misspelled this label.)Burnt Lime (aka Quicklime) - This white powder was made by heating limestone in a kiln to 850 degrees Celsius. When mixed with water, this powder can become hot enough to cause wood to burst into flame. Slaked Lime - This white powder was made by slowly and carefully mixing Burnt Lime with water. When done properly, this can be used as a leavening agent similar to baking soda or as a preservative in pickling.

Kayen Eau Trois - This white powder was scraped from a cave wall and mixed with a liquid Mom concocted. The powder is Potassium Nitrate, a chemical compound with the symbol KNO3. It has been known by many names throughout history such as Potash, made from storing wood ashes in a copper pot, or saltpeter, meaning “stone salt” coming from the crystalline form harvested off cave walls. Enaych Trois - This liquid was made by cooking rotting plants with burnt lime and is Ammonia, a chemical compound with the symbol NH3. It will darken wood by chemically reacting to the tannins inside the wood itself and can also be made by fermenting urine. Pine Sap - Used as a wood polish, this resin was harvested by making a small cut in certain types of pine trees and collecting the sap. Distilled Pine - Commonly known as turpentine, this solvent was made by distilling a pot of Pine Sap.Tallow - This was made by skimming the fat off the top of a boiling pot of animal parts. The fat can be burned in lamps, used in making soap or as a leather conditioner.

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